Doha, the most populated city in the Qatar, grew out of, and now contains the Al Bidda neighborhood in the east. Mentions of Al Bidda date back to the 17th century, but it rose to prominence in the 19th century. Doha was officially established in 1820. It became the capital city in 1971 when Qatar became independent.
It quickly became one of the main financial centers of the region. In 1996 the Al Jazeera satellite networks were established in Doha. A year later Education City was established by the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science, and Community Development. With an area of 14 square kilometers, the area houses educational facilities the serve students from school age through graduate school. Virginia Commonwelth University was the first of 8-10 foreign universities to establish branch campuses in Education City. It also houses a number of Qatari schools and research institutions.
The park complementing the Museum of Islamic Art is a crescent shaped land fill that sweeps out from the Doha Corniche and offers a sea view of the Museum with the backdrop of the Doha skyline. The centerpiece of the park is a monumental vertical sculpture by Richard Serra positioned as a beacon at the tip of park. The park has 5 Km of lighted pedestrian pathways shaded by native palm trees, in addition to a café and kiosks offering refreshments. It hosts public activities such as films screenings, sports events, storytelling programs and art workshops. Source: Aga Khan Trust for Culture