Doha, the most populated city in the Qatar, grew out of, and now contains the Al Bidda neighborhood in the east. Mentions of Al Bidda date back to the 17th century, but it rose to prominence in the 19th century. Doha was officially established in 1820. It became the capital city in 1971 when Qatar became independent.
It quickly became one of the main financial centers of the region. In 1996 the Al Jazeera satellite networks were established in Doha. A year later Education City was established by the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science, and Community Development. With an area of 14 square kilometers, the area houses educational facilities the serve students from school age through graduate school. Virginia Commonwelth University was the first of 8-10 foreign universities to establish branch campuses in Education City. It also houses a number of Qatari schools and research institutions.
This 25 building campus has been developed to provide world-class facilities, in seven faculties, for the training of professionals. Diverse facilities include teaching spaces, workshops, sports facilities, auditoria and courtyards. The concept was developed through the study of local cultural and art forms, and every element of the design from the masterplan itself to the smaller details of sunscreens, refer back to the nation’s traditions and heritage. Focus was also placed on the local climate, results of which include the creation of microclimates within courtyards, sunscreens to prevent direct heat load and subsequent reduction of energy costs required for cooling.