Doha, the most populated city in the Qatar, grew out of, and now contains the Al Bidda neighborhood in the east. Mentions of Al Bidda date back to the 17th century, but it rose to prominence in the 19th century. Doha was officially established in 1820. It became the capital city in 1971 when Qatar became independent.
It quickly became one of the main financial centers of the region. In 1996 the Al Jazeera satellite networks were established in Doha. A year later Education City was established by the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science, and Community Development. With an area of 14 square kilometers, the area houses educational facilities the serve students from school age through graduate school. Virginia Commonwelth University was the first of 8-10 foreign universities to establish branch campuses in Education City. It also houses a number of Qatari schools and research institutions.
Education City hosts branches of some of the world's leading universities. This building - for liberal arts and science - is the first step of a masterplan for the expansion of its 2'500-acre campus. The design of the two-storey structure is based on three principles. 'Double roof/double wall' - responding to the extreme climate, the entire building is wrapped by a secondary skin of GRC panels. 'Mosaic' - an arrangement of internal atriums and external courtyards evokes the mosaic-like layout of a typical Islamic city. 'Geometric pattern' - a quasi-crystal pattern, based on 90, 60 and 30 degree parallelograms, is used for the facade and aluminium shades.