Doha, the most populated city in the Qatar, grew out of, and now contains the Al Bidda neighborhood in the east. Mentions of Al Bidda date back to the 17th century, but it rose to prominence in the 19th century. Doha was officially established in 1820. It became the capital city in 1971 when Qatar became independent.
It quickly became one of the main financial centers of the region. In 1996 the Al Jazeera satellite networks were established in Doha. A year later Education City was established by the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science, and Community Development. With an area of 14 square kilometers, the area houses educational facilities the serve students from school age through graduate school. Virginia Commonwelth University was the first of 8-10 foreign universities to establish branch campuses in Education City. It also houses a number of Qatari schools and research institutions.
A mosque built to resemble and replace an older mosque demolished in 1950, and said to be a unique example of multi-dome mosques in the Gulf region. The layout closely follows the older mosque, but with modern amenities such as technical rooms, offices, and ablution facilities. The new mosque was built in concrete and concrete block by a local young architect, and can receive up to 800 worshippers.