Doha, the most populated city in the Qatar, grew out of, and now contains the Al Bidda neighborhood in the east. Mentions of Al Bidda date back to the 17th century, but it rose to prominence in the 19th century. Doha was officially established in 1820. It became the capital city in 1971 when Qatar became independent.
It quickly became one of the main financial centers of the region. In 1996 the Al Jazeera satellite networks were established in Doha. A year later Education City was established by the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science, and Community Development. With an area of 14 square kilometers, the area houses educational facilities the serve students from school age through graduate school. Virginia Commonwelth University was the first of 8-10 foreign universities to establish branch campuses in Education City. It also houses a number of Qatari schools and research institutions.
Gharib, Remah Y. "Review of 'Demystifying Doha: On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City' by Ashraf M. Salama and Florian Wiedmann
(Authors). Farnham, UK & Burlington, VT. USA, Ashgate, 2013, 300
pages ." Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 8, issue 1 (2014): 173-175.
Very few informative books have been produced regarding the development
of the State of Qatar and its emerging capital city Doha until this recent book
‘Demystifying Doha: On Architecture and Urbanism in an Emerging City’
has been published by Ashgate Publishing Limited at the end of 2013. This book
reflects on the rapid urban development process in an era of globalizing
architecture and urbanism with in-depth focus on the various trends of urban
evolution, governance, image-making and socio-cultural sustainability.
Ashraf M. Salama and Florian Wiedmann, the authors, approach such a
developmental case by a strong conceptual organization of research and a rich
analytical methodology that unveils morphological transformations. While the
title of the book promotes Doha, the book is essential for every planner,
architect, and academic to read and explore its scientific and empirical
methodologies, and their implementation. In essence these can be utilized in
other cities of similar vision and pace of growth. This solid production
delivers an overview study and analytical investigations on architecture and
urbanism of a city, which competes with other cities in the region such as
Dubai and Abu-Dhabi. The book interrogates three main questions: (1) how the
city’s urban structure was shaped and managed from its beginning until its
being a key player in the global arena; (2) what are the models of governance
utilized to transform the city’s built environment and its physical image; and
(3) how place-making and city-branding mechanisms define the city’s image and
impact on the urban development tendencies and their relationship the city’s
Key words: Doha;
architecture; urbanism; emerging city