On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
Cultural Street is a pedestrian boulevard, 360 m long and 15 m wide, that was commissioned to mark Amman's selection as the Arab Capital of Culture 2002. The emphatically linear pattern of its paving is achieved through the use of contrasting strips of local stone: black basalt, red granite, Dab'a greenstone and Ajloun stone. Strolling from the highest point, the pedestrian passes through seven areas, each accentuating a specific element: the obelisk, a shady meeting place with large sunscreen, a leafy area with seating, a sunken amphitheatre, a kiosk area, and a round seating wall.