On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
This project is intended to showcase Jordan’s rich
history and culture from the prehistoric era to the modern period and the
establishment of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. It is composed of two main
masses: the museum on one side, and the shop and cafeteria on the other. The
two masses, which are connected by a bridge at the first floor level, define an
outdoor plaza that may be used for outdoor exhibits.
The buildings feature rough stone walls that are inclined at a soft angle and
simple masses. The main inspiration for the elevations comes from the earth
stratum that is so visible in many parts of hilly Amman as the mountain sides
are carved and exposed where new roads and structures are built. The interior
spaces are kept flexible and simple to highlight the exhibited materials.