On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
Ozdemir, Aydin; Basal, Metin; and Benliay, Ahmet. " Landscaping an Office Park in Amman, Jordan: Incorporating Sustainable Site Design Principles," in ArchNet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 2, issue 2 (2008).
This project investigates the concepts of sustainable site design and applies those concepts to the landscape design of an office park in Amman, Jordan. The paper defines the role of preliminary analysis and landscape design process with emphasis on site grading, planting design, and stormwater management, with a hope that future designs should be ecological and sustainable, assessing and using resources efficiently. The nature of the collaborative design approach among designers and the design process of the office park are also discussed within this paper. The result of this investigation is a new approach to site design that combines various design alternatives, aesthetic quality and environmental sustainability. The goal and intent of the presentation is to assist in providing designers an overview of issues that they should consider during site analysis and design.