On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
Ibrahim, Abdelbaki Mohamed (ed). 1999. Amman City Hall. In Alam al-Bina. Cairo: Center for Planning and Architectural Studies, 22-24/207.
This project was erected in the center of Amman, as part of recent urban redevelopment in the city. It consists of a three-floor building that has meeting halls for the officers and the public, behind which lies a long five-floor building that has the offices. The city hall was designed to be an imposing structure that expresses the historical values of the place while maintaining a clear contemporary impression. Architect Jafar Tukan. (Taken from English summary on page 8)