Ernst Herzfeld was born in 1879 in the town of Celle, Province of Hanover, Germany. He was an archaeologist, historian, and philologist active in the Middle East. He documented many important sites in present day Iraq, Iran, and Turkey. He died in Basel, Switzerland in 1948. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
From Ernst Herzfeld, Matériaux pour un Corpus inscriptionum arabicarum. Part 2: Syrie du nord. Inscriptions et monuments d’Alep. 2 vols. in 3 parts. Cairo: Institut Francais d'archéologie orientale, 1954-1956. vol. 2, pl. CXVIII.