ابو المظفر محيي الدين محمد اورنگزیب عالمگیر پدشاه (Original)
Abu al-Muzaffar Muyhi al-Din Muhammad Awrangzib Alamgir Padishah (Transliterated)
Aurangzib, Emperor of Hindustan (Translated)
Aurangzeb (Alternate transliteration)
Aurang Zeb (Alternate transliteration)
Aurangseb (Alternate transliteration)
ابو المظفر (Alternate)
Abu al-Muzaffar (Transliterated)
Abu'l-Muzaffar (Alternate transliteration)
محيي الدين (Alternate)
Muhyi al-Din (Transliterated)
Muhiuddin (Alternate transliteration)
Muyhi'l-Din (Alternate transliteration)
خلد مكاني (Alternate)
Khuld Makan (Alternate transliteration)
Abu al-Muzaffar Muhammad Muhyi al-Din Awrangzib was the sixth Mughal emperor. He was one of four sons of Shah Jahan who vied for the throne, ultimately jailing his father, defeating two brothers in battle, and having his eldest brother Dara Shikuh executed publicly. He ascended to power in 1658/1068 AH, ten years before his father's natural death, and took the title Alamgir ("World-Seizer"). After his death he was given the epithet khuld-makani ("resident of paradise").
Awrangzib is described by early-Modern historians as deeply committed to the Muslim faith and as an ascetic. He is thus credited with ushering in a period of religious conservatism at the Mughal court during his long reign of fifty years.
Irvine, W. and Mohammad Habib. “Awrangzīb.” Encyclopedia of Islam, Second Edition, 2012.
The Alamgiri Darwaza, or Alamgiri Gate, was built under the patronage of Awrangzib (1658-1707). It is situated on the eastern edge of the Lahore Fort, and leads by way of a sharply angled passage, to the large courtyard of the Diwan-i-Amm, the most public area of the fort's administrative areas. The gate is characterized by what some have called a 'softening' of the Mughal style in its later years: the fluted towers flanking it rise out of carved lotus buds, and are topped by small kiosks.