Nur Jahan Padshah Begum (Alternate transliteration)
Nur Jahan, Empress, consort of Jahangir, Emperor of Hindustan (Variant)
نور جهان (Variant)
Nur Jahan (Transliterated)
Nur Jehan (Alternate transliteration)
Nur Djahan (Alternate transliteration)
Noor Jahan (Alternate transliteration)
مهر النساء (Formerly known as)
Mihr al-Nisāʼ (Transliterated)
Mehr-un-Nisa' (Alternate transliteration)
Nur Jahan was the wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Her name was Mihr al-Nisa' and the title Nur Jahan was given to her as an honorific name during his reign.
She is known as having been a powerful woman and leader, governing the country in the name of her husband. In addition to her prowess as a ruler, she was well versed in literature and is remembered for being fashionable. She outlived her husband by fourteen years but did not retain much political clout after his death, as she failed in an attempt to install her candidate, a son-in-law, as successor to Jahangir.
Davies, C. C. "Nūr D̲j̲ahān." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, and W. P. Heinrichs.
The tomb of Nur Jahan is in Lahore, near the tomb of her husband Jahangir, along the river Ravi. She commissioned it herself, probably at around the same time as Jahangir's tomb was built. The scheme is similar to Jahangir's tomb, although Nur Jahan's tomb is about half the size. It is set in a charbagh garden with water channels, tanks, cascades, fountains, causeways, and wooded avenues. The tomb itself is an arcaded plinth, with octagonal towers on the corners and central arch-frames projecting from each wing. The facades are of red sandstone with white marble, and each contains seven arches. Both the tomb and the garden are in poor condition.
Koch, Ebba. 1991. Mughal Architecture. Munich: Prestel. p. 98.
Chaudhry, Nazir Ahmad. 1998. Lahore: Glimpses of a Glorious Heritage. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications. pp. 39, 122.