Nur Jahan Padshah Begum (Alternate transliteration)
Nur Jahan, Empress, consort of Jahangir, Emperor of Hindustan (Variant)
نور جهان (Variant)
Nur Jahan (Transliterated)
Nur Jehan (Alternate transliteration)
Nur Djahan (Alternate transliteration)
Noor Jahan (Alternate transliteration)
مهر النساء (Formerly known as)
Mihr al-Nisāʼ (Transliterated)
Mehr-un-Nisa' (Alternate transliteration)
Nur Jahan was the wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Her name was Mihr al-Nisa' and the title Nur Jahan was given to her as an honorific name during his reign.
She is known as having been a powerful woman and leader, governing the country in the name of her husband. In addition to her prowess as a ruler, she was well versed in literature and is remembered for being fashionable. She outlived her husband by fourteen years but did not retain much political clout after his death, as she failed in an attempt to install her candidate, a son-in-law, as successor to Jahangir.
Davies, C. C. "Nūr D̲j̲ahān." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, and W. P. Heinrichs.
Jahangir died in Rajauri, as he was leaving Lahore for Kashmir. His body was brought back to Lahore and buried in Nur Jahan's walled garden, the Bagh-i Dilkusha, on the banks of the river Ravi. The grounds of the tomb, which cover 55 acres, are laid out in the classical charbagh pattern, with bisecting perpendicular paths. Entrance is through large northern and southern gates; the southern one is faced in red Sikri sandstone and white marble inlay.
The mausoleum itself is also in red sandstone and floral marble inlay, and consists of an arcaded platform, or takhgah, 84 meters square. On each corner is an octagonal minaret rising in five segments. The shaft is decorated in chevrons of pink and white marble, and a domed kiosk crowns each minaret. Openings on each of the four sides of the platform lead through long corridors to a central, octagonal crypt containing the marble cenotaph resting on a platform, the chabutra. The marble cenotaph is considered one of the finest in India. It is inlaid precious stones set in naturalistic floral patterns, and black calligraphy inscribing the date of Jahangir's death, and the ninety-nine names of God.
Originally, the crypt had a second floor; a platform still exists, built on top of the large square one. Remnants of a marble screen show that it was once enclosed, and traces indicate where a second cenotaph may have stood. It is, however, believed that the second story remained unroofed: before his death, Jahangir, like his ancestor Babur, had requested that his tomb be left open to the sky. To the west of the charbagh tomb garden, there is a related, rectangular enclosure known as the Akbari Seria, which served as the forecourt, or chowk-i jilo khana, for the mausoleum. A small mosque stands at its western wall.
Tillotson, G. H. R. Mughal India, 136. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1990.
Latif, Syad Muhammad. Lahore: Architectural Remains: Its History, Architectural Remains and Antiquities, With an Account of its Modern Institutions, Inhabitants, their Trade, Customs, &c., 104-107. Lahore: New Imperial Press, 1892.
Asher, Catherine. The New Cambridge History of India: Architecture of Mughal India, 172-74. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.