Architect, courtier, and companion of Shah Isma'il.
Rizvi, Kishwar. "Architecture and the Representations of Kingship During the Reign of the Safavid Shah ‘Abbas I." In Every Inch a King: Comparative Studies on Kings and Kingship in the Ancient and Medieval World, edited by Lynette Mitchell and Charles Melville, 1-22. Leiden: Brill, 2013.