message_224095

Islamic Architecture
 
ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND ISLAM
HELLO ALL,
I am doing a thesis on ISLAMIC CULTURAL AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, offering opportunities for all, to be aware of the Islamic principles, cultural activities and research and academic activities.
Now I am planning the strategy of making a strong architectural philosophy of designing an Islamic building with respect to Islamic principles and values.
I AM THINKING TO EXPRESS THE ISLAMIC PRINCIPLES THROUGH ARCHITECTURE.
DURING MY EARLIER STUDIES REVEALED THAT ISLAMIC BUILDING DOESN�T NEED ANY MAJOR ARCHITECTURAL SUPPORT FOR IT�S FUNCTION.
But this is a building which itself expresses the Islamic principles�.. all spaces are having its own meanings and expressions.
It was in an earlier discussion that� no building can be holy in itself. No, what is holy is the faith of the people.�(written by Frank John Snelling,)
But again we have a role in it.Making a perfect dwelling for prayer. Without any distructions in Concentration of the people,etc.
I also have some doubts.
1)does symbolism permits/exists in Islam.?
2)Is there any such existing buildings any where(expecially in india)?
Guide me please in the above thoughts�..

MOIDU SHAFI
Moidu Shafi
Responses
 
ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND ISLAM
Any research, at its early stage, has a divergent approach, then some relations are found and transformed then converged. From reviewing the literature on Islamic architecture, I found that a great deal has been written and documented on architectural physical form (style, symbolism, ornament, art and construction), but not on 'space'.

I think 'space' has a potential for revealing complementary knowledge to the knowledge of form; and as a result, contributing to the understanding of the relationship between architecture and Islam.
Ziad Aazam
ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND ISLAM
Asalam Moidu,
I read with great interest your intended field of study. May i just provoke a statement by saying islamic architecture is about space or msy i say the first congegregation of prayers conducted by The Prophet (Pbuh) is in his residence.
Wasalam Azman
Azman Abdillah
ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND ISLAM
WALAIKKUMUSSALAM,
YES,The building itself is representing the grest philosophies and concepts of Islam. Hadheese and quran is the base. All the philosophies are integrated with modern architecture.The building expresses the concepts of life death and the greatness of God(functionally this building is one which is intented to explain the ISLAMIC BELIEVES to all including non muslims.LIFE,LIFE AFTER DEATH,INTENTIONS OF LIFE,THE ONENESS OF GOD,THE PROPHET AND PROPHETS ETC.
THEESE ISLAMIC CONCEPTS ARE EXPRESSED AS ARCHITECTURAL EMOTIONS LIKE THAT IN A SCULPTURE.THE PROPORTION,NATURAL LIGHTING WATER(SOUND AND REFLECTIONS)ETC CAN BE USED AS SPATIAL STIMULUS AND THERE BY CREATING A MEANINGFULSPACE.
THE FORMS OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE(HISTORIC) MAY BE USED TO CREATE AN APPROPRIATENESS AND LEGIBILITY(WRT URBAN CONTEXT)
THE USE OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY,LOCAL MATERIALS AND REGIONALISATION IS UNNEGLEGIBLE AND FOUND TO BE USED IN ALL RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS INCLUDING ISLAMIC ONE.
Moidu Shafi
ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND ISLAM
my own understading of and islamic buildind is
no unnessary wastages
no disturbance to neighbouhood
effective and responsive environment
orientation of the qibla also carries weight
let building help in doing right
friendly to all including non blievers

have a nice time
bissalam
aliyu faruk
ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND ISLAM
My friend.
Greetings
You have some hypotheses to test first: 1-Is there an Islamic Architecture?.2- Which Islamic values in time and geographic location you want to focus on/apply?
For me:
1-Architecture is : space, envelope, organization, and interaction. Its element is easy to analyze in term of time and geographic location. For example if I see a Doric column, immediately I can say it is a 2000 B.C Greek Architecture. (Regardless of the time and geographical location of the place I have seen the column.)
2- a) Islam has started with the massage of prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) and will last till the end of the world.
b) It started from Makkah and spread all over the world (geographically expanded, and shrinked through history)
c) Its follower is living in Islamic and Non Islamic Countries.
d) Its follower sometime close to its teachings, and other times little bit away.
3- Can the dynamic (Islamic) be attached to Static (Architecture)?.
a)If we say yes it means that the Islamic architecture is the dome and the arch founded in India in the 17th century, or in Egypt in the 11 th centy, .
b)If you say no it means there is no Islamic Architecture. There is Indian Architecture, or Egyptian Architecture but it not Islamic Architecture.
In summery Islamic is very dynamic in time, location, and application. Architecture is static in one location in specific time, therefore well defined (space, envelop, organization, and interaction).
In order to attach dynamic to static, we have to specify a geographic location (i.e. India, Iraq, China, etc., and specify a time frame (i.e. 1st century, 11th century, 20 th century etc.)
I strongly support the argument: Yes there is Islamic Architecture. It can be studied if we specify the time and the geographic location( i.e. THE ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE IN EGYPT DURING THE 19 TH CENTURY). This architecture, similar to Moslems themselves, might be of a direct application of Islamic believes ( i.e. faithful Islamic Architecture) or distanced from the application of the Islamic believes (i.e. not fithful or FASEQ Islamic Architecture).
Again this is just an opinion ( or hypotheses) that need to be researched.
Thanks for introducing a very long lasting question (IS THERE AN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE).
Fahad Said
ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND ISLAM
Moidu, Hello, I noticed my name and the quote "...no building can be holy in itself. No, what is holy is the faith of the people." This is probably theological, but upon reflection, I based that thought (you quoted) on the concept that people should not give the power of the spiritual to physical objects.

In Islam the worship of idols is forbidden, because idols are physical objects. Therefore by the same token, buildings themselves should not be worshipped because they are physical and objects.

Therefore, the design of building for prayer is simply a space in accord with the principles of the Islamic Faith which allows the people to pray in the most peaceful way possible.

Peaceful in the sense that atmosphere of the space guides and focuses the thoughts of the people upon prayer.
Frank John Snelling
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