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Islamic Architecture
 
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
Could anyone help me with any references that will help me with understanding the effects of climate on Islamic architecture in the various areas of the middle east?
Anne Macklin
Responses
 
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
hi anne,
try this link...
http://www.unu.edu/unupress/unupbooks/80a01e/80A01E00.htm#Contents
Sriraj Gokarakonda
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
Dear Anne,
I think that you might research especially the old traditional architecture of Jemen. These highrised builings have an highly elaborated system of air refreshment and cooling. And this ist hundreds of years old and still works very well. Applications are found nowdays in the modern facades of skyscrapers in double-skin structural glasings for example.
There are also interesting systems develeoped by Frei Otto - designed for Mekka or Saudi Arabia,all these projects deal with cooling / air refreshment by sofisticated systems - in this case textiles.
Markus Kasper
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
I agree Kasper opinion especially Yemen architecture that has many cases a good example of climatic architecture especially mud buildings in hot arid region. you can see more (web sites and pic's attached hera)
http://www.shibamonline.net/eng/
Tarek Jaber
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
Dear Anne,
this Link to Frei Otto�s Webpage might help you to receive further information:
http://www.freiotto.com/FreiOtto%20ordner/FreiOtto/HauptseiteGross.html
I also remember that in Marakesh there have been wooden roofs all over the streets of the souks. Besides of preventing from sunrays, they formed an remarkable play of light and shadow...
Greetings
Markus Kasper
Markus Kasper
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
Dear Anne,
Why do not you search for the Iranian traditional architecture especially in the central deserts of the Iran plateau known as "Kavir architecture".
Saeedeh Hosseini
Saeedeh Hosseini
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
please go to the famous Egyptian Architect Hassan Fathi,and his marvelous studies and design ( architecture en terre)
Lina Sergie Atassi
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
Check out the concept of (windtowers) in the UAE as well. They call them (Barjeel).
Vider Bas
Effects of Climate on Architecture in the Middle EAst
Anne, Middle Eastern architecture tends to be in hot and dry climates. Therefore there is a need to ameliorate the dryness and the heat.

Thick walled structures have thermal mass which protects people during the often very cold temperatures at night and then protects people from the often very hot temperatures during the day.

Plus, very small windows in direct sunlight or larger windows in shade.

The windtowers of Yazd (similar in design to the post about the UAE) are in effect using the (chimney) stack effect (height difference) to create flows of cooling air within the buildings.

Try surfing for "Desert Architecture", I know of at least one book about Iran which explores in depth such things as Icehouses, Vertical windmills, Windtowers, etc. I can look out the exact reference for you if you wish. :)))
Frank John Snelling
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